Friday, March 9, 2012

The Gutenberg Press | 1450 AD

What is Johannes Gutenberg credited with?
The Gutenberg Press
Post a photo of the Gutenberg Press.

How did the printing press work? 
Form was pressed on a piece of paper
What motivated Gutenberg to find a better way of creating books?
Experimenting with metal typography,determined it was more efficient
Why did Gutenberg experiment with metal type versus wood type?
Determine which one was faster
Post an example of movable type in a type case.

What is moveable type?
Movable components to reproduce elements of a document
What is a matrix?
Same letter can be used anywhere in the book
What ink did Gutenberg develop that he used specifically for the printing press?
Oil based ink
What is paper made from? Where did paper originate?
Wood pulp by Tsai Lun-China
What is a "substrate"?
something to write on
Who did Gutenberg seek to help with the invention of the press? 
Close to the end of the 5 years, what happened? Schoffer, took credit for producing the Bible
What was the first book he printed?


Post an example of this book.

How did the Gutenberg Press impact communication?

Communication was more widespread and efficient
Who introduced the printing press to England?
William Caxton
What was the early form of newspapers?
Boston Letter
When was the first news weekly published? What was it called?
The Times in England
What kind of press was built in the US in the mid 1800s?
Post an example of a 1930s printing press.

By the late 1930s, presses had increased in efficiency and were capable of 2,500 to 3,500 impressions per hour. What is meant by "impression"?
Which printing process is the Gutenberg press an example of? Briefly describe the process?
Post an example of an intaglio press.

What is intaglio printing and how is ink transferred?
Ink is applied, Damp paper is placed, wipe paper with cloth
Post an example of a screen (porous) printing press.

What is porous printing and how is ink transferred?
Ink is forced through mesh
Post an example of a lithography printing press.

What is lithography and how is ink transferred?
The use of oil and water and how they do not mix, planographicPost an example of a offset lithography printing press. (WOULD NOT POST),r:1,s:0 
What variation of lithography is used by the commercial printing industry today?
Offset Lithography
How do printing presses used today compare to the Gutenberg Press?
Evolved from eachother
Describe four-color process printing using CMYK


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